Solar Rotation

Students access and use real data from NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory to estimate the rotation period of our Sun. Students will use digital tools, make accurate observations and measurements, apply mathematical knowledge, and evaluate their results.

You can download the individual files needed for this activity below, or this zip file (9mb) contains them all. 

Dydd a Nos

Wedi’i anelu at ddisgyblion 7-11 oed, mae’r gweithgaredd hwn yn rhoi cyfle ymarferol i'r disgyblion i ddysgu am y dydd a’r nos. Gan ddefnyddio pêl o play-doh a thortsh, bydd y disgyblion yn darganfod sut mae cylchdro'r Ddaear yn achosi’r dydd a’r nos.

Solar Flares

Solar flares are sudden variations in the brightness of a surface region of the Sun. Magnetic energy builds up in the solar atmosphere, above active regions, where sunspots are located. This magnetic energy is suddenly released as radiation across the entire electromagnetic spectrum.


NASA image of sunspots
Sunspots at solar maximum

The visible surface of the Sun is called the photosphere. Sunspots are darker, cooler regions on the bright, hot photosphere. Whilst the photosphere has a temperature of around 6000°C, sunspots are between 3000°C and 4000°C.